More than Seven Authors Basic Format: Last name A et al. In-text citation, by its name, is included within the body of a document. Placement of Citations for Quoted Material Specific page numbers for paraphrased or quoted material appear within the parenthetical citation following the abbreviation for page p. Preparing the List Start your Reference list on a new page. Write the full title if short, otherwise include only a few words from the title.
Title of Book edition if not first. Citing a source within a source If you want to cite a source that you have found in another source, you can do one of two things. Citing part of a work: When citing a specific part of a work, provide the relevant page number or section identifier, such as chapters, tables or equations. It reviews the details that can help you construct your citations to fit the needs of the source you are citing. If some of this information is included in the body of the sentence, exclude it from the parenthetical citation. Continuous inverse optimal control with locally optimal examples.
Multivolume Work Basic Format: Editor. If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the name of the writer; if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers. You'll also capitalize the first word of the subtitle. Reference list citations start with Author information. The student only changed or removed a few words and has not phrased the ideas in a new way. If you have different authors with the same last name and initials, include their given names in brackets. The Journal of Psychology, 139, 469-480.
Please be aware, however, that the full text of articles may not actually be available at the journal homepage. See the for more information. In Authors or Editors, Title of Book pp. . American Journal of Distance Education, 27 2 , 100-110.
To cite this source in-text, provide the Title with the Date instead of the Author with the Date. Use the lead author's surname and et al. In-text citations typically appear at the end of the sentence, between the last word and the period. Section pages are enclosed in a parenthesis with the abbreviation pp. If the author's name is not mentioned in the text When the author's name does not appear in the text itself, it appears in the parenthetical citation followed by a comma and the date of publication: Interactive fiction permits readers to move freely through a text and to participate in its authorship Bolter, 2001. Note: Include only the information available in the source.
Executive functioning and alcohol-related aggression. The biology of aging: Observations and principles 3rd ed. After the date, your citation next must let your readers know the complete title of the work. Note: If you cite the same source a second time within a paragraph, the year of publication may be omitted. Always close the Author portion of the citation with one period. An online article with no page numbers.
In this case you are marking the Title as the citation's main identifying component, which is usually the Author. Chapter or article in an anthology Eliot, T. Stressors and supports for adult online learners: Comparing first- and continuing-generation college students. Toward a psychophysiology of expertise: Focal magnetic gamma bursts as a signature of memory chunks and the aptitude of chess players. Alphabetize the references by the first author's last name or by Title, if no Author is listed.
No Author: Sometimes you will not know the author's exact name. If the title in the References list is in italics, italicize the words from the title in the in-text citation. This system has two components: the in-text citation and the reference list. Can't find what you need? What You Will Find Here This page provides a breakdown on a specific component of a Reference list citation. If a source has no specific author but is the work of a larger group or organization, please follow the example below for group authors. No page numbers available In case there are no page numbers, such as for a website, start at he title and count from there to determine the paragraph number from which the quote originates.