He said he might go to the cinema. The indirect speech: He said he liked it. How the Exclamation and the Wishes in the Direct Speeches are changed when the Direct Speeches are changed into Indirect Speeches? She said that she would go to London. Are you clear about the conversion of Direct to Indirect Speech? If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tenses of the Direct Speech do not change. The past tense is often used when it is uncertain if the statement is true or when we are reporting objectively. Incorrect Indirect: The old man exclaimed with sorrow that he was ruined. The second person of reported speech changes according to the object of reporting speech.
As a rule the simple past tense in the Direct Speech becomes the past perfect tense in Indirect Speech. He said that he would start a new job. . Rules for changing Direct into Indirect Speech: A. Direct: The policeman enquired where are you going. Using them properly can make what you say much more interesting and informative. Indirect Speech: He said that he needed my help then.
Time change If the reported sentence contains an expression of time, you must change it to fit in with the time of reporting. She hoped she would pass the exam. The Pronoun is changed in Person 4. David said that he had not met her. In reporting exclamation and wishes, the Indirect Speech is introduced by some verb expressing Exclamation and Wishes. Reported Speech She said she teaches English online.
Convert the past perfect either into past tense or present perfect as found necessary. He said that he didn't want it. In the indirect speech the person addressed must be mentioned. The Pronoun is changed in Person iii. The sneaky comma I'm British, so I only tend to place the comma inside quotation marks when it's part of the sentence being quoted. I shall, we shall usually become would.
The pronouns of the sentence are also changed accordingly. Reported questions Direct questions become reported questions with the same word order as statements. Incorrect Indirect: Roshni said that she might meet him there. For example: He asked me if I would come to the party. He said he was going to the cinema.
He said that he was waiting for someone. A present continuous tense becomes a past continuous. Indirect speech is paraphrasing what someone said or wrote. The form is different, however. For example: Lynne told me that she'd never been to China. The kids said they had been playing a game.
They said that they would not be driving a car. For example: Lynne said she was going to teach online. It's a diverse language, and the rules that exist have arisen through usage, and they can change in exactly the same way, so maybe it doesn't matter, but it's best to be consistent. For example, we may rewrite the above examples, putting the reporting verb in the present tense. If sentence begins with auxiliary verb, the joining clause should be if or whether. But sometimes we make different adjustments. They said that they had been living in America since 2013.
It will be further noticed that in changing the above Direct Speech into Indirect speech, certain changes have been made. A present perfect becomes a past perfect: Are you clear about the conversion of Direct to Indirect Speech? Note - We usually use told. She said that she would not waste time. Indirect Speech: He said that he wrote a letter. In writing, it functions to move a piece along by boiling down points that an interview source made. Understanding Direct and Indirect Speech - Differences Direct Speech: In direct speech, the actual words with no change of speaker are quoted.
I should, we should usually change into would. Converting Direct speech into Indirect Speech Before learning the rules for conversion of Direct speech into Indirect Speech, you must learn the following two components of a sentence of Direct Speech. Note - There is no change to; could, would, should, might and ought to. David said that he was not going to College. Insert quotation marks, question mark, exclamation and full stop, as per the mood of the sentence. John said that he had won a prize. The pronouns of the Direct Speech are changed where necessary, so that their relations with the reporter and his hearer, Rather than with the original speaker are indicated.
John to your brother in the following two ways: Direct Speech: Mr. Email your Resume to As a gesture of support, please follow us on and. Incorrect Indirect: He said that she was coming that week to discuss it. A simple present tense becomes simple past tense. He advised me to come to the party. Direct and Indirect Speech English Language has two ways to narrate the spoken-words of a person. If we say: Mary said Greg had come yesterday, it is not correct, because it means that he came on Saturday.