Note: Use Interactive Rebase with care - because it will rewrite your commit history! I select an earlier commit, then select Rebase current branch on master. It is not working in Git Extensions 2. This makes it easier to navigate your project with commands like git log, git bisect, and gitk. The commit is simply merged into the commit above it, and the earlier commit's message is used to describe both changes. Lines starting with ' ' will be ignored, and an empty message aborts the commit. The order in which the code was written is incidental and not necessarily related to the order in which it should be read.
The git rebase command has a reputation for being magical Git voodoo that beginners should stay away from, but it can actually make life much easier for a development team when used with care. There are two useful git commands in particular that help me. Git provides its history-rewriting commands under the disclaimer that using them may result in lost content. Reflog allows you to go back to commits even though they are not referenced by any branch or tag. Date: Thu Jun 30 11:00:52 2016 -0700 13 files changed, 235 insertions + , 159 deletions - create mode 100644 Makefile delete mode 100644 main. These options instruct Git to write a commit message for us, expressing the intention that this new commit will eventually be squashed or fixed up with some existing commit. A section with no links is a terminal node and you should have solved your problem by completing the suggestions posed by that node if not, then report the chain of answers you made on git or some other git resource and explain further why the proposed answer doesn't help.
If I just close my editor and let rebase do its thing, then I'll end up with only three commits: the fixed up first commit, the documentation commit, and then the test commit. You can reorder, edit, or squash commits together. But since Elmarco was asking for a slick way, here we go: As of Git 1. Usage git reflog This displays the reflog for the local repository. If it turns out that you accidentally moved back, the reflog will contain the commit master pointed to 0254ea7 before you accidentally dropped 2 commits.
From there, there's a hard reset to an older commit. Answer the questions posed by clicking the link for that section. This can happen when collaborating on the same feature with another developer and you need to incorporate their changes into your repository. On the other hand, this also means that the feature branch will have an extraneous merge commit every time you need to incorporate upstream changes. What do you think autosquash does? Do you see anything else, what can cause the problem? I think the pseudocode script would be something like: collect all hunks from the fixup for commit in the history we are rebasing: check out commit for hunk in fixups: try: apply hunk to the working tree except: continue remove hunk from fixups commit the working tree.
This includes letting you define exactly what your project history looks like; however, it also creates the potential of losing commits. So by prefixing the commit message with either fixup! Scenario When working in a feature branch, I make some changes to a file and then commit these changes. This creates the freedom to make and correct errors and refine your work, while still maintaining a clean, linear project history. For each hunk in git diff the script uses git blame to find the commit that last touched the relevant lines, and calls git commit --fixup to write the appropriate fixup! These options give you powerful work flow customization options. The golden rule of git rebase is to never use it on public branches.
Conceptual Overview The first thing to understand about git rebase is that it solves the same problem as git merge. Take the current one instead. Here's an alias that using a couple of nifty git features makes it one command analogous to commit --amend. But, you can force the push to go through by passing the --force flag, like so: Be very careful with this command! Then we make an interactive rebase git rebase -i with --autosquash. The commits marked 'f' will have their messages discarded in-favor of the previous commit's message.
The first commit's message is: edit 2 This is the 2nd commit message: edit 3 Please enter the commit message for your changes. With some aliasing you can probably even get the whole thing into a single command. Later on, I make some additional changes to the same file on the same lines, and I want to squash these changes into the first commit touching the file. If you want to re-write the entire feature using this method, the git merge-base command can be useful to find the original base of the feature branch. Git can do all of this automatically. By periodically performing an interactive rebase, you can make sure each commit in your feature is focused and meaningful. In your case, you are rewriting commit A and rebasing B and C on top of the new A, which is a completely new object.
Edit Commit Message To edit only the commit message of a revision, right-click the revision in the commit listing. The only thing other developers will see is your finished product, which should be a clean, easy-to-follow feature branch history. If you haven't updated yet, have a look at the. Tested only in GitExtensions v2. However, if you remove everything, the rebase will be aborted. Avoid amending a commit that other developers have based their work on.
. Interactive Rebasing Interactive rebasing gives you the opportunity to alter commits as they are moved to the new branch. To incorporate the new commits into your feature branch, you have two options: merging or rebasing. Done Press Enter or Esc to close console. Workflow Walkthrough Rebasing can be incorporated into your existing Git workflow as much or as little as your team is comfortable with.
Recap To review, git commit --amend lets you take the most recent commit and add new staged changes to it. Any changes made by the commit are not affected. Additionally reflog entries have an expiration date. Lines starting with ' ' will be ignored, and an empty message aborts the commit. Lines starting with ' ' will be ignored, and an empty message aborts the commit. Usage git reflog This displays the reflog for the local repository.