Some contain names and dates of the rulers. Vedas are earliest known literature. Coins also throw significant light on economic life of ancient people. Coins are of various metals: gold, silver and copper. These remnants have proved that man existed in India even during the palaeolithic age.
The monuments are undying witnesses of the artistic skill of India in various fields and testify its wealth and grandeur at different epochs of history. Temples carved out of rocks Kailusa temple Ellora Rathas Mamallapuram Excavation: What did we find? Alternatively, Menander may merely have joined a raid led by Indian Kings down the A. Sometimes, the coins were cast in dies but very often symbols were punched on pieces of metals. Some specimens of books inscribed on copper plates are to be found in the British Museum. The Rig-veda provides us information about the civilization of the early Vedic Age while the rest of the three Vedas are useful to know about the civilization of the later Vedic age. Antiquated Indian Art Ancient History Notes Every time is one of a kind in its unmistakable culture.
Its vocabulary contains a wide range of meaning and is different in grammatical usages. In the Ramacharita of Sandhyakar Nandi we find a description of the struggle between Pala ruler, Rampal and the peasants in which the king was victorious. There was also a Chinese expedition to Bactria by under the , recorded in the and , additional evidence is in the ; the identification of places and peoples behind transcriptions into Chinese is difficult, and several alternate interpretations have been proposed. Myths and tale stories also provide some historical materials. The Numismatic Society of India is doing a lot of useful work in this connection. The excavation of the sites of the old towns like, Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro and Taxila has given us a lot of information hitherto unknown and changed our conception of the history of ancient India. The same way, the Sangam-literature written in Tamil language provide us good information concerning the history of the Chera, Chola and Pandya dynasties of the far South up to 3rd century A.
The history of the Bactrian, Parthian and Scythian princes of India has been recovered almost solely from a careful study of coins issued by them. He gives valuable information about the Indian coasts. He was Arab scholar and contemporary of Mahmud of Ghazni. Reference may be made in this connection to the Banskhera copper plate inscription of Harsha. The Life of Hieun Tsang, composed by his friend Hwui-li, contributes many details supplemental to the narrative in the records, though not quite so trustworthy. L'art du Gandhara in French.
Mental and social conditions of the people are known from literary sources. The coins of Samudragupta are particularly remarkable and a detailed description of them will be given in their proper place. These inscriptions show them engaged in social and religious welfare activities like any other Indian. Ancient Greek and Roman historians also wrote about India from their knowledge and information. The Rigveda has divided into X Mandals. . Beyond this, no extensive archaeological excavation of an Indo-Greek city has ever really been done.
The figures of the various kings appear on coins and from them we can have an idea regarding the head-dress of those kings. To know about the Mauryan society and polity, these brief accounts were regarded highly precious. Marshall as the Director-General of Archaeology. Last but not the least is the later Greek and Roman writers like Strabo, Diodoras, Arrian, Pliny, Ptolemy etc. An inscription copper-plated was called Tamrapata, Tamrapattra, Tamrasasana, Sasanapattra or Danapattra according to its contents.
Similarity in monuments excavated in India and abroad establish a relations between various areas of the globe, besides this it express the Indian migration beyond India. In practically every document of a permanent nature, reference is made to the glories of the ruling sovereign and his ancestors. His realm was spread over the conditions of Punjab, Bengal, Orissa and the whole Indo-Gangetic plain, misleading the north of the Narmada River. The of the affirms that the country of Mathura, the heartland of India, was under the joint control of the Yavanas and the. The outcomes of these explorations such as inscriptions, monuments, coins and other things have great importance in the process of knowing the history of past. Kharoshthi evolved on the Varnantata system of the Indian languages is written from right to left. The coins of the Satavahanas supplement, correct and corroborate the accounts of the Puranas.
The existence of a large number of coins issued during the different years of the reign of a king helps us to fix the exact dates for the accession and the death of the king. Sufficient margin was left on the copper plates. The presence of various artifacts and materials of Indian origin has added to the study of Indian history. The coins also help us to fix up the chronology. Some of the important sources of ancient Indian history are as follow! As it deals with themes like evil influences, diseases, omens, amulets and magical spells among other things. This is a very precise and exact form of expression in prose, which was developed by the scholars of ancient India. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, in which transliterated Sanskrit is followed by a definition of each word, a translation and a commentary.
Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies, notes, reviews, advises and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Archaeological sources are divided into 3 groups. Ashoka tells us that he got his edicts engraved on stone so that they may last for a long time. Upanishads concern the philosophical speculations and beliefs of the Aryans such as the trans-migration of soul, Brahma, salvation of soul etc. It had composed in the eastern region of India.