There was never any demonstration that these hearings increased the security of the United States. Historical novels suitable for middle school and junior high readers concerning the Salem witchcraft trials and witchcraft trials in general include: Beyond the Burning Time by Kathryn Lasky; Hester Bidgood - Investigatrix of Evill Deedes by H. Spies from the Soviet Union stole secrets of making an atomic bomb. Question 1: What is your image of how a witch would look and behave and how would such an image engender fear even in powerful men and women? It is impossible for man to organize his social life without repressions, and the balance has yet to be struck between order and freedom. Description: The Crucible is a film version of Arthur Miller's classic play about Puritan society, the Salem witchcraft trials of 1692, and, metaphorically, the Red Scare during the period 1947 - 1956. As the play describes, the witchcraft trials began because of the illness of , the daughter of the Salem minister, , a former merchant in Barbados.
Questions are focused on comprehension, application, analysis, syntheses or evaluation. Classes can also read the following passages of Miller's autobiography Timebends, A Life. Identify some social repressions in your life. It's risky, as described in the preceding questions, but implicating other people is clearly unethical. Suggested Response: John Proctor was responsible for his actions.
A plea was necessary before the court could take jurisdiction and condemn the prisoner. After Viewing the Movie Discussion Questions: 1. Worksheets should be reviewed and modified as necessary to make sure they are suitable for the class. Punishments for later infractions will be worse. The reports are expository, but are addressed to an audience other than a teacher. The conviction was later thrown out by the U. Abigail acts through the community.
In addition, with the curriculum materials provided by this Learning Guide, students will look at the underlying causes of historical events. They include: anti-Semitic pogroms in Russia; the Holocaust; the genocide in Cambodia, 1975 to 1997, and the 1994 genocide in Rwanda. Those being trespassed against are doing the forgiving. Suggested Response: There is no one correct answer. It is his sexual philandering that rouses Abigail to generate the hysteria against witchcraft, he is the one who grows in terms of honor, and it is through his character that the moral lessons of the play are taught.
No claim to copyright is made as to those items. Other girls, including Ruth Putnam and also exhibited similar symptoms. Suspicion was extended to people who had joined non-communist political organizations that were later labeled as communist front organizations because they took the same positions as the Communist Party. He refused to answer the Committee's questions about the names of persons who had been present at meetings of writers that he had attended in the 1930s. This Learning Guide contains curriculum materials that are helpful in presenting both the play and the film. John Proctor paid a terrible price for his dalliance with Abigail, which stirred feelings in her that he did not anticipate.
Examples that students might cite are: clothing regulations at schools, restrictions on what students can write in the student newspaper, restrictions on the use of profanity or hate speech, etc. Governor Phips, for instance, shifted the blame to Stoughton, who nevertheless became the next Governor of Massachusetts. But all organization is and must be grounded on the idea of exclusion and prohibition, just as two objects cannot occupy the same space. Loyalty boards, both state and federal, conducted thousands of loyalty hearings in which public employees and people who held licenses issued by the states were accused of harboring communist sympathies. History will better understand how a frightened society can ignore fundamental beliefs in justice, as well as its own basic principles of the primacy of law. The opening scene, with the fire and nude dancing exemplifies this.
If you were John Proctor, or any of the other people accused of being witches, and you were faced with the choice of the hangman's noose or confessing your own guilt to imaginary crimes while accusing innocent people of conspiring with you, what would you have done? Many people misunderstand this type of question and take it as a question about factual causation. By the early autumn of 1692, the cries of witchcraft began to ebb and doubts began to develop concerning the validity of the charges. Was Elizabeth Proctor in any way responsible for her husband's infidelity? Finally, through discussion and writing assignments, students will sharpen skills associated with analysis and persuasion. As a form of counter-magic, Tituba was ordered to bake a rye cake with the urine of the afflicted victim and to feed the cake to a dog. Arthur Miller wrote the events and the subsequent trials where those who demanded their innocence were executed, those who would not name names were incarcerated and tortured, and those who admitted their guilt were immediately freed as a parable of the Congressional Communist witch hunts led by Senator Joe McCarthy in 1950's America. Before Elizabeth forgives him, Proctor is willing to sign the false confession in order to save his life and hers. Although most of the women first accused of witchcraft were considered disreputable, several reputable members of the community were soon executed, including featured in the play , and in the most controversial execution, George Burroughs, the former minister in Salem.
Her desire to seek revenge against John Proctor or to win his affections causes the tension in the film and provokes the changes in both John and his wife, Elizabeth, that create theme. Once Elizabeth forgave her husband, he was able to regain his self-respect and act according to his higher nature. It was easier for these girls to blame witchcraft for sexual longing than to admit the feelings themselves. In both, people felt that the foundations of society and their own basic beliefs were being attacked; both required ritualistic reaffirmations of faith in commonly held beliefs before the accused could be exonerated of guilt; both were used by unscrupulous persons to advance their own political or economic interests. He knows that he made a mistake, but does not want to look like a fool after arresting and hanging so many people. In both situations, many innocent people were wrongly accused. He came to prominence with by chairing a special Senate investigating committee and by making mostly baseless claims that communists had infiltrated the State Department and other agencies of the government.